Athletics is the most popular para-sport in terms of spectators and athletes and countries taking part. It made its Paralympic Games debut in Rome, Italy in 1960 and has remained since.
The sport features the following events:
– Track events: Sprint (100m, 200m, 400m); middle distance (800m, 1,500m); long distance (5,000m, 10,000m) and relay races (4x100m, 4x400m)
– Road event: Marathon
– Field events: High jump, long jump, triple jump, discus, shot put, javelin, club throw
– Combined events: Pentathlon
he sport is governed by IPC Athletics, who act as the International Federation. Rules are defined by IPC Athletics.
The rules are broadly similar to those of the IAAF, however afew adjustments need to be made in order to enable as many athletes as possible to have access to the sport. These rules mainly concern guides or assistance for the visually impaired, races and throws in wheelchairs, weights and throwing devices and events that are open according to which classification the athlete is placed in..
The IPC rules can be viewed online at http://www.paralympic.org/Athletics/Rules
– Paraplegia, tetraplegia and assimilated impairments: wheelchair practice.
– Amputations and assimilated impairments: according to amputation level and number: – – Standing practice.
– Visual impairment or blindness, accompanied by a guide or not.
– Cerebral palsy (CP): according to the impairment level. Standing or wheelchair practice.
– Mental or physical impairment
– Dwarfism (throwing only).
– Wheelchair practice: specific device (rigid frame, three wheels) and accessories (helmet and strong gloves).
– Standing practice for amputated lower limbs: specific composite material, energy-restitution prosthesis (carbon fibre, Aramid, Kevlar).